Minorities at Greater Risk for Kidney Disease

African Americans are nearly four times more likely to develop kidney failure than white Americans

Certain ethnic minorities, including African Americans and Hispanics, are at a higher risk than the general population for developing potentially life-threatening chronic kidney disease (CKD), which has been linked to higher rates of diabetes and high blood pressure, according to the National Kidney Foundation (NKF).
Chronic kidney disease is a progressive, usually permanent loss of kidney function that affects more than 26 million Americans, according to the NKF. When CKD leads to kidney failure, or end stage renal disease (ESRD), the only treatments are a kidney transplant or dialysis.
African, Asian, Hispanic and Native Americans are at higher risk than the general population for developing kidney disease because they also tend to have higher rates of diabetes and high blood pressure, the top two causes of kidney disease, according to the NKF.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, (NIDDK),
African Americans are nearly four times more likely to develop kidney failure than white Americans.
Early detection and treatment can help prevent further kidney damage and slow the progression of kidney disease, according to the NIDDK’s National Kidney Disease Education Program. People in these at-risk groups are urged to get regular screenings for high blood pressure and diabetes plus make changes to diet and exercise to help reduce their risk of progressive kidney disease.
Dialysis is a life-sustaining process that cleans waste products from the blood, removes extra fluids, and controls the body’s chemistry when a person’s kidneys fail. Dialysis patients typically require treatment on an ongoing basis unless they receive a kidney transplant.